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6 Best Programming Languages Used For Mobile App Development

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programming languages

As mobile apps become the lifeline of businesses today, developers are constantly making efforts to improve their functionalities and performance. While these two factors are the key considerations while developing mobile apps, it is equally important to enrich them with features that are needed to render excellent user experiences. Every app is different as it is meant to cater to a different purpose; for this reason, developers need to treat it differently right from the start, whether it is about the choice of platform or programming language. A programming language, in particular, decides the functionalities that an app can have. Here are the best 6 ones that are emerging as the forerunners in the mobile app development space.

HTML5 serves as the best choice for building Web-fronted apps for mobile devices. It simplifies the insertion of data types, rationalizes input parameters, accounts for different screen sizes, and levels the browser playing field. The apps it renders are fully responsive capable of working smoothly on diverse devices. However, on the downside, the language is still a proposed standard rather than a language. There are some substantial changes that are expected in the way HTML5 will be handled by browsers in the future. Here are a few advantages of choosing HTML5:

  • Easy to learn and develop
  • Offers cross-device compatibility
  • Clean coding
  • Enables creation of cross-platform apps
  • Cost-effective and time-effective

Swift is the latest programming language released by Apple Inc for iOS and Linux. It is mainly being used for OS X and iOS app development. Swift is regarded as an improvement over Objective-C as it is designed to eliminate a number of security flaws that are possible with the latter. It may soon become the most widely used one for iOS apps, which spells a bright future for developers who hold expertise in it. Here are some key features that earn it a huge acclaim:

  • Open-source language
  • Easy to code and easy to maintain
  • A simplified form of Objective-C
  • Needs lesser amount of coding
  • Faster speed of development

Objective-C was the primary programming language being used for building robust and scalable iOS apps prior to the advent of Swift. It is enriched with a large number of functions which deal with I/O, graphics, and display. A general-purpose object-oriented programming language, Objective-C is a derivative of the C language and enables the creation of all sorts of apps for the iOS platform. The following are the benefits of this Objective-C:

  • Simplicity
  • Makes use of dynamic run-time
  • Support for dynamic typing
  • C and C++ can be used in tandem with the language

While Swift and Objective-C are meant for iOS development, Java is the preferred language for Android app development, though it is capable of running on diverse platforms. This object-oriented programming language can be run in two ways, in a browser window or in a virtual machine. This makes it a flexible language, while it equally good from the performance perspective too. Here are some reasons that Java has gained extensive popularity in the mobile app development space:

  • Easy to learn
  • Cross-platform compatibility
  • Enables error-free coding with powerful IDEs
  • Supports APIs for easy integration
  • Availability of open-source libraries

C++ is ideal for developing apps for the Android and Windows platforms. It enables the creation of mobile apps for practically every platform and every purpose. Despite being addressed as a low-level programming language, C++ is revered as the dominating force in the programming space even before the advent of the smartphone revolution. The following are the key benefits of C++:

  • Simplicity
  • Object-oriented
  • Portability
  • Speed of development
  • Massive library

C# is the leading programming language used for Windows app development. An object-oriented multi-paradigm language, it is Microsoft’s offering for program development and enables the creation of robust and feature-rich mobile apps, games, and web services. Even though the Windows platform has not been a big game-changer for the industry, there is still need to create apps for this specific platform and C# does the job. C# is acclaimed for the following benefits:

  • Simplicity and ease of use
  • Scalability
  • Type-safe language
  • Access to .Net framework

All the major programming languages for mobile app development have been highlighted above along with their key features. The choice amongst these is determined by the app platform and the kind of features that you want your business app to have. An expert app development partner can help you compare the available alternatives and choose the one that is apt for your needs. OrangeMantra is a leading mobile app development company that you can trust to build the best mobility solution for your business. We have a seasoned team of developers with a comprehensive expertise in a wide range of programming languages and mobile technologies. Connect with us and share your requirements so that we can bring the right app solution to your doorstep.